Periodontics studies the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that affect the tissues that support the teeth. Some of the primary periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis. Bleeding gums and bad breath can accompany tooth loss even in a more severe situation.
Gingivitis is a mild inflammation of the gums caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque. This periodontal disease is very common and usually causes irritation, swelling, and redness in the gums surrounding the teeth base.
Periodontitis is a severe infection of the gums and soft tissues that support the tooth, caused by excess bacteria, which can provoke the irreversible destruction of our bones.